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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2403\margr4199\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2403\margrsxn4199\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li662\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 LITERATURE : KHARAVELA OF KALI&GA       199}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri29\sb230\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw9\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 which is used in all their documents. One of them, \expndtw2 Hala, was even the author of a Prakrit anthology called \expndtw9 the \i Sattasai (Saptasataka). \i0 About the same time \expndtw5 Gunadhya is said to have written his original \i Bribat-\expndtw2 katha \i0 in Prakrit. -Further, Mr. Allan points out that \expndtw6 Sarvavarman produced the \i Kdtantra \i0 for the benefit of \expndtw9 an Andhra king who was "ashamed of his ignorance \expndtw4 of Sanskrit and found Panini too difficult."\super 1\nosupersub  One need \expndtw12 not unduly emphasise these traditions. It appears \expndtw1 rather strange, however, that the Brahman Satavahanas \expndtw6 neglected Sanskrit in favour of Prakrit literature.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li1343\fi0\ri0\sb266\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex84\expndtw7\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 II.    King Khdravela of Kalinga}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li36\fi0\ri0\sb194\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex84\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Chronological Position}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li25\fi454\ri14\sb169\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 We do not know with certitude what happened to Kalinga after the death of Asoka. When darkness is \expndtw5 dispelled, we see a colossus strutting on the political \expndtw4 stage. The Hathlgumpha inscription on the Udayagiri \expndtw1 hills, near Bhuvanesvar (Puri),\super 2\nosupersub  describes the achieve\-\expndtw2 ments of Kharavela, the third ruler of the Ceta dynasty, \expndtw11 till the 13th year of his reign, but being undated it \expndtw16 does not throw any definite light on his chro\-\expndtw5 nological setting. Some scholars think that in the r6th \expndtw3 line the record contains a reference to the i65th year of \expndtw0 the Maurya era; others emphatically deny this interpreta\-\expndtw9 tion. Perhaps a clue to Kharavela's date is furnished \expndtw2 by the similarity in the scripts of the Nanaghat and \expndtw1 Hathlgumpha inscriptions, and by the expression "ti-\expndtw12 vasasata," which, as Dr. Raychaudhuri has rightly}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li40\fi0\ri11\sb241\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 Indra, and guardians of the four quarters\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 Yama, Varuna, Kubera, and Vasava.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li421\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx547 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs19 1{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\i\expndtw13 Cam. Sh. Hist. Ind.y \i0 p. 61.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li47\fi374\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-202\slmult0\tx547 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 2{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\i\expndtw2 Ep. Ind., \i0 XX, January, 1930,  pp. 71 f; see also K. P. Jaya-\line \expndtw4 sval, /. \i B. \i0 O. R. \i S., \i0 1918 (IV), pp. 364 f; \i Ibid., \i0 1927 (XIII), pp.\line \i\expndtw3 zzr\sub \}\nosupersub  Ibid,, \i0 1928 (XIV), pp. 150 f.}\par }